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The medals and the metals of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games

8 August, 2016

 

 

The medals of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games are the heaviest summer Olympic Games medals ever. They weigh 500g each, 100g more than the second heaviest (London 2012).

With a diameter of 85mm they are also the biggest summer Olympic Games medals together with the London 2012 ones.

The infographic above focuses mostly on the composition, the ingredients of the medals: the metals that they are made of.

Starting with the gold medals, they are made of sterling silver (98.8%) and an external thin layer of mercury-free gold (1.2% – 6g).

The silver medals are made of 100% sterling silver. Sterling silver is an alloy of silver (92.5%) with copper (7.5%).

Finally the bronze medals are actually made of brass. Bronze is an alloy of copper with tin while the bronze medals of Rio 2016 are made of an alloy of copper (95%) with zinc (5%).

The Mint of Brazil produced 812 gold, 812 silver and 864 bronze medals. In total  2,488 medals were produced weighing 1,244kg and containing 746.6 kg of silver, 470.9 kg of copper, 21.6 kg of zinc and just 4.9 kg of gold.

What metals each medal contains

Gold medal (812 pieces)
Silver: 456.95g (91.39%)
Copper: 37.05g (7.41%)
Gold: 6g (1.2%)

Silver medal (812 pieces)
Silver: 462.5g (92.5%)
Copper: 37.5g (7.5%)

Bronze medal (864 pieces)
Copper: 475g (95%)
Zinc: 25g (5%)

Total metal contained in the medals of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games
Gold: 4.872kg
Zinc: 21.600kg
Copper: 470.9346kg
Silver: 746.5934kg

Sources:
The National Rio 2016: Making the medals – ‘nothing can match the sensitivities of hand-design’
Seeker 2016 Olympic Medals Have a Recycled Heart
AFP via Astro AWANI Curvy Brazilian women inspire Olympic medal design
Parsons, P. & Dixon, G. (2013).
The periodic table : a field guide to the elements. London: Quercus.

Credits:
Many thanks to Gary Meenaghan for providing us with the dimensions of the Rio 2016 Olympic medals.

If you found this post interesting, why not have a look at other related posts:
Bigger, thicker, heavier: the evolution of the Olympic Games medals infographic
2012 London Olympic Games: Ticket Prices
A history of the Basketball World Championships (Mundobasket) [1950-2006]

easyFoodstore: cupboard food the easy style (infographic)

1 August, 2016
easyFoodstore-infographic-v.1.0

Click on the image to enlarge it

 

It has been six months since Stelios Haji-Ioannou launched his latest experiment, easyFoodstore. In an infographic we tell its story so far.

All items 25p

On the 1st of February 2016 the founder of easyjet opened the pilot and only store so far in Park Royal West in London.

As with most of Stelios’ other companies, the emphasis of easyFoodstore is on the low prices. For the first month of business (February 2016) all the items (mainly ‘cupboard’ food) were sold in the store for 25p (0.33 US$, 0.30 EUR). In March and April all items went up to 29p.

In May the prices went back to 25p “only while stocks last” and since July there is a “buy one get one free” offer on rich tea biscuits, plain flour, pickled onions and mayonnaise.


Location, competitors and opening hours

On the infographic we show on a map of Greater London the location of the store (on the North Circular Road, London, NW10 7XP).

The infographic also features high street supermarket stores (ASDA, TESCO, Sainsbury’s, Morrisons, Lidl, Waitrose) close to easyFoodstore – within 3 miles walking distance (according to Directions from Google Maps).

A comparison of the total opening hours per week of each supermarket shows that easyFoodstore (open now Tuesday to Sunday, 9.30am-5.30pm) is the store with the least opening hours (48 per week) among its competitors. On the other end of the spectrum the closest ASDA superstores are open 141 hours per week (almost 3 times longer) and TESCO Extra goes even further (150 hours).


A bit of a history (Timeline) & Queues

Such was the popularity of the store when it first opened that on the third day (Wednesday, 3 February 2016) after its launch, the store had to close as it ran out of stock.

It remained closed the day after (Thursday) for re-stocking and opened again on Friday (5 February) initially (9am) with queues of 50 people which became longer later (at least 126 people according to Dr Food). The week after, the queues were 20-30 people long.

In ‘theory’/according to easyFoodstore spokesmen the target audience of the store is “low-paid, part-time workers, benefits claimants and pensioners.” In practice the queues were increased by journalists, voyeurs and local convenience store owners.

The latter were taking advantage of the very low prices (lower than they would get at their wholesalers) to stock their own stores and most likely were the main reason why on the 15th of February the maximum 10 of each product limit for each customer rule was introduced.

The store also reduced its opening hours from nine to six per opening day (11am-5pm). Opening days were Monday to Friday (except bank holidays), so from initially 45 hours per week the store was open for 30 hours per week (after the 15th of February).

Meanwhile, the store started with a 76-product range priced at 25p. However, when we visited the store on the 18th of February (Thursday) we could only find 21 different products.

On the 1st of March, a month after its launch the range of the products, according to the store, went down to 40. Opening hours were increased to 39 per week (Monday-Friday, 10am to 5.45pm).

Since May the range of the store increased (again according to the store) to 60 products and it is open Tuesday to Sunday, 9.30am to 5.30pm (48 hours per week).

In August the plan for the store is to be open Monday through Friday, 10am to 5pm.


Visiting the store – Products & Suppliers

From an aesthetic/size/product range point of view easyFoodstore will make your local off-licence look like a superstore. The store is actually so small that the security guards allowed six to seven customers in at one time when we visited in February. (According to The Guardian, in the first week of its operation 15-20 people at a time were allowed). Externally there are some similarities with B&Q (orange colour, sliding doors).

easyFoodstore-noticeOn our first visit (Thursday, 18 February 2016) we arrived at 11.54am and the queue outside the store was nine people long. The woman in front of us, who was with a young child, asked us if anyone could buy from the store or if registration or something similar was needed.

Waiting time in the queue was 11 minutes and during our waiting a passer-by, asked us if a pass (!) was required in order to get into the store.

These two incidents are perhaps indicative of the confusion regarding the new entrepreneurial endeavour by Sir Haji-Ioannou. easyFoodstore for that matter is an ordinary B2C store. There is no need for a pass, registration or anything similar.

One man got into the store and left soon after without buying anything. Though he had come like others with a shopping trolley, he left empty-handed most likely disappointed by the shortage of some items he was intending to buy.

The 76-product range that the store was launched with included some frozen food like frozen peas and pizzas which was actually a great bargain considering the prices at other supermarkets. However, on our first visits (18 & 22 February) the little freezer of the store was utterly empty and well cleaned. When we asked, a security guy informed us that there was no plan to refill it with goods.

In fact when we visited on Thursday, 28 April (no queues – we were the only customers at the time in a store that looked as peaceful as a store can get) there was no freezer at all. So this leaves us with mainly cupboard food. There is a variety of tin food, some pasta, rice, sugar, flour, snacks and biscuits. The management experiments with the range of goods so these may vary.

The main suppliers/’brands’ are:
happy shopper (tin food e.g. Red Kidney Beans, snacks like mini poppadoms, cheese thins, prawn crackers, cream crackers and easy cook rice)
Euro Shopper (tinned chopped tomatoes, noodle snacks) and
Best-in (tomato paste tubes, tinned mixed vegetables, potatoes, chick peas).

The first two brands (happy shopper and euro shopper) are the core brands available at Premier Stores and Londis (both belonging to Booker Group). Best-in belongs to Bestway Ltd which is by the way a 3-minute drive from easyFoodstore.

The proximity of the store to its suppliers and the easy access to them was something noted from the early days of the store’s operation.

There are also other brands represented like Hill Biscuits (Custard Creams) and Donna Chiara (spaghetti).

At our last visit yesterday (Sunday, 31 July) there was a variety of other goods like spices (oregano, curry powder, pepper), coconut milk, rice cakes, dates and even some easy brand promotional items (pens, rulers).


25p per item: is it really cheap?

To be fair, although 25p could sound very cheap, in many cases, compared to other supermarkets, it isn’t. What actually Stelios and the managing people of easyFoodstore have done is to make a selection of products that are sold at similar prices in other grocers.

Another trick has to do with the quantity. For example long grain rice is offered in 500g packets (for 25p). That is 50p per kg. While you can’t find a lower price for a single packet of rice at other supermarkets, for 40p you can buy a one-kg packet (40p per kg) at Lidl and ASDA.

Putting quality aside (for which a more in-depth study would be appropriate – you could try the Daily Mirror) some tinned food can be found cheaper in other supermarkets.

For example:
Red Kidney Beans in water, drained weight 240g is at 23p at Lidl – 2p less; but it’s 30p at TESCO – 5p more
Potatoes in Salted Water, drained weight 345g is at 15p at Lidl – 10p less and almost double the drained weight (easyFoodstore can is 180g); at TESCO (345g as Lidl) at 20p – 5p lesss
Sliced Carrots in Water, drained weight 160g is at 19p at Lidl & TESCO – 6p less

However, there are definitely some bargains especially with the “buy one – get one free” offer of easyFoodstore. 2x250ml=500ml of Mayonnaise for 25p is a price much lower than in other supermarkets. Tinned fish, some spices, coconut milk, rice cakes (100g for 25p when Lidl offers 130g for 45p) and dates are also worth considering.


In conclusion

easyFoodstore is in reality an experiment, a pilot store where Stelios Haji-Ioannou tests various of his food retail ideas. With Spartan design and a limited range of products available it can’t really substitute your visits to supermarkets. Still, it’s worth visiting and perhaps – especially if you are a local – including in your mix of stores that you get your food from.


Credits

Many thanks to Amalia Gennadiou for her feedback and suggestions during the design process of the infographic.


Sources

easyFoodstore easyFoodstore – Homepage
The Guardian EasyFoodstore brings in 10 item limit
Dr Food (aka Professor David Hughes) Tweet on 5 February 2016
ASDA Stores near easyFoodstore (NW10 7XP)
Lidl Store Locator
Morrisons Stores near easyFoodstore (NW10 7XP)
Sainsbury’s Store Locator
TESCO Store Locator
Waitrose Stores near easyFoodstore (NW10 7XP)
Euro Shopper A brand by AMS

If you found this post interesting, why not have a look at our posts about:
We Are What We Eat: an infographic
The Food Cube (as the new Food Pyramid)

Seating capacity decreases as spectators become bigger [infographic]
Tomatoes in the UK (infographic)

 

Paintings as infographics: Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh

29 June, 2015
Paintings as Infographics: Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh

Click on the image to enlarge it

[Updated and enriched on 28 July 2015]

On 29 July 2015 it is 125 years since the death of painter Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890). His life and art is being celebrated on this occasion by many museums and organisations in Europe and we present an infographic about Sunflowers, one of his most popular paintings.

In August 1888, two years before his death, Van Gogh painted a series of paintings of sunflowers in Arles, France, including the one that hangs in the National Gallery, London (Room 45).

It’s a still life with a vase (in fact a pot) that holds about 15 sunflowers.

At the top of the infographic there is a geometric-style interpretation of the painting followed by a more ‘infographic’ approach: “The Image Decomposed” shows the simple means Van Gogh used for his painting and, specially in the case of the wall and the table, his subtle, abstract approach.

A map with important locations related to the painting includes Arles, France (the town where Van Gogh painted the Sunflowers series, London, UK (the location of the National Gallery which acquired the original painting in 1924), Amsterdam, Netherlands (where a signed copy of the painting hangs in Van Gogh Museum) and Tokyo, Japan where the unsigned copy of the painting is situated.

Finally the original (August 1888) Sunflowers of the National Gallery, London is compared to the copy signed by Vincent  (January 1889) in the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam and his unsigned copy (in the Seiji Togo Memorial Sompo Japan Nipponkoa Museum of Art, Tokyo):

  • the Amsterdam version is about 3cm taller than the London one (Van Gogh added a strip of wood to a canvas of the same dimensions as the London version). The Tokyo version is even taller (about 8cm taller than the London one) and wider by 3.5cm than the other two
  • on the London painting the signature of Van Gogh is on the the upper/glazed part of the vase; just above the line separating the glazed from the unglazed part; in French ultramarine
  • on the Amsterdam one his signature is on the lower/unglazed part of the vase; just below the line separating the glazed from the unglazed part; in a mix of Prussian blue and white
  • the Tokyo version is unsigned
  • comparing the London and the Amsterdam paintings side by side it can be noted that the angle of the line separating the table from the wall on the Amsterdam version is slightly steeper than on the London painting; furthermore it is in red while the London one is in blue; on the Tokyo one it is green

There are several occasions that the London and the Amsterdam have been displayed side by side, most recently at the National Gallery, London (25 January – 27 April 2014).

Although Van Gogh was commercially unsuccessful and managed to sell only one painting during his lifetime, the value of each of the Sunflowers paintings (in London,  Amsterdam and Tokyo) is estimated nowadays at £100m (one hundred million pounds)!


Credits
Many thanks to Maria Tsirodimitri for her creative input during the design process of the infographic.

Sources:
The National Gallery, London Vincent van Gogh | Sunflowers | NG3863
Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam Sunflowers
Seiji Togo Memorial Sompo Japan Nipponkoa Museum of Art, Tokyo Van Gogh (Sunflowers)
Bailey, M. (2013) The sunflowers are mine: The Story of Van Gogh’s Masterpiece. London: Frances Lincoln. Amazon.co.uk
Gayford, M. (2007) The yellow house: Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Nine Turbulent Weeks in Arles. London: Viking. Amazon.co.uk
BBC Archive Van Gogh – Canvas | 7: Sunflowers

If you found this post interesting, why not have a look at our other art-related posts:
Infographic: The anatomy of an auction
The Courtauld Gallery, London, Room 3: infographics

How well do Britons know their calories? [infographic]

7 January, 2015
Infographic showing facts and figures about Britons’ awareness of calorie issues

Click on the image to enlarge it

This infographic presents findings of a research related to Britons’ awareness of calorie issues. The research was commissioned by Diabetes UK, The British Heart Foundation and Tesco and conducted by YouGov.

Some of the findings of the research include:

  • Almost two-thirds of Britons do not know how many calories the average person needs to maintain a healthy weight
  • One-third of the respondents underestimated the calorie content of semi skimmed milk
  • 39% underestimated the calorie content of a meal of chicken tikka masala with rice, one of the most popular UK dishes
  • 49% exercise less than the minimum recommended amount per week (2.5 hours)

With 62% of the British people being overweight, Diabetes UK, The British Heart Foundation and Tesco have joined forces and aim to raise in the next 3 years, £30 million and support 20 million people to eat healthily and exercise more.

One of the first activities of the partnership is 40,000 free health checks at Tesco stores this January. For more details visit http://www.tescocharitypartnership.org.uk

If you want to become more aware of issues related to calories and nutrition why don’t you try a free online course offered by Wageningen University, starting this Monday, 12 January 2015!

Sources:
DNA Two-thirds unaware of calories needed to maintain a healthy weight

If you found this post interesting, why not have a look at our posts about:
We Are What We Eat: an infographic
The Food Cube (as the new Food Pyramid)

Seating capacity decreases as spectators become bigger [infographic]

Seating capacity decreases as spectators become bigger [infographic]

17 November, 2014
Infographic showing the Malvern Cinema seating capacity before and after refurbishment

Click on the image to enlarge it

A week ago (Monday, 10 November 2014) in the Telegraph’s printed edition (page 9) there was a text-only article about the refurbishment of Malvern cinema in Worcestershire (UK). Inspired by its content and after further research we present it here as an infographic with additional content from other sources.

Malvern Cinema opened in 1923 (Malvin Picture House). By 1964 the cinema was closed and a year later it was “extensively refurbished”.

Earlier this November it was refurbished again and its old 17-inch-wide seats were replaced for 21-inch-wide ones. As a result the cinema’s seating capacity was reduced from 384 seats to 303; that’s more than a 20% reduction. The cinema re-opened on Thursday, 13 November 2014.

The new seats come in three types: standard (16 seats for each stalls’ row), premium (15 seats for each row) and double. All of the seats now have cup holders.

The new seating cost £50,000 raised exclusively from donations. The old seats were sold out for £30 per pair in 24 hours after going on sale.

One of the main reasons of the new seating was comfort. The old seats were too narrow for present-day spectators. Public Health England estimates that in England, in 2012, two in three men were either overweight or obese. Obesity in adults rose from 15% in 1993 to 25% in 2012.

Sources:
Malvern Theatres Website History
Malvern Theatres Facebook Page
Daily Mail Online Worcestershire’s Malvern Cinema to replace seats because of our expanding bottoms
The Daily Telegraph, Print Edition, 10 November 2014, p.9 “Big bottoms force cinema to change seats”
Malvern Gazette Ninety one-year-old venue will be sitting pretty after refurbishment
Public Health England Weight & Obesity data factsheets

If you found this post interesting, why not have a look at our posts about:
Alcohol-related deaths in England
We Are What We Eat: an infographic
The Food Cube (as the new Food Pyramid)

10 years of parkrun: the story so far [infographic]

3 October, 2014
Infographic showing parkrun’s achievements during its first decade

Click on the image to enlarge it

Parkrun, a free, 5km run, that takes place every Saturday morning in various parks and other locations, celebrates its 10th anniversary and we publish an infographic showing its story and achievements so far.

There are now 10 countries (UK, Australia, South Africa, Ireland, Poland, Denmark, New Zealand, USA, Russia and Singapore) where parkrun events take place, 477 different locations and 765,534 runners who have completed at least one parkrun.

It all started 10 years ago, on 2 October 2004 in Bushy Park, London, UK, with 13 runners and 4 volunteers. Now London alone, the city where parkrun is most popular, 44 events are accommodated every Saturday. Last Saturday (27 September 2014) 53,063 runners completed a parkrun in the UK while 4,781 volunteers (e.g. marshals, time keepers, number checkers) made all those events possible to happen.

In the infographic we present a timeline with bits of parkrun’s story (1st event in each country with date, location and number of participants). There is also a graphic comparing the total number of locations by country and the total number of runners per country.

Parkrun is not a once-in-a-life experience! Many parkrunners are persistent and do it almost every week: 20,984 of them have completed at least 50 parkruns so far and 5,030 of them have between 100 and 249 runs. There are 139 runners who have completed more than 250 events: that’s about participating every single Saturday for 5 consecutive years!

We wish parkrun many happy returns and we look forward to experiencing all the new achievements that it will accomplish in the next ten years!

Sources:
parkrun Our Story

If you found this post interesting, why not have a look at other sports-related posts:
Brockwell 5K parkrun, Herne Hill #136 – 17 August 2013: The Report [infographic]
parkrun is booming!
A History of the IAAF World Athletics Championships – infographic
Bigger, thicker, heavier: the evolution of the Olympic Games medals infographic
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup: The height of the players (tallest & shortest: player, team, position) infographic
2014 FIFA World Cup™: The Players series – II. Their height (tallest & shortest: player, team, position) infographic
2014 FIFA World Cup™: The Players series – I. Where their club is based (home/abroad & top countries) infographic
2012 London Olympic Games: Ticket Prices
A history of the Basketball World Championships (Mundobasket) [1950-2006]
World Cup 2010: Representation of the Continents
World Cup Finals 2010: the Group Stage – an infograph
The History of the Football World Cup Finals (1930-2006)

2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup: The height of the players (tallest & shortest: player, team, position) infographic

2 September, 2014
Infographic with facts and figures about the heights of the players of the 2014 FIBA World Cup

Click on the image to enlarge it

Today’s infographic examines the height of the basketball players who participate in the 2014 FIBA Basketball Word Cup held in Spain (30 August – 14 September).

The shortest basketball player of the tournament is Philippine point guard Lewis Alfred ‘LA’ Tenorio standing at 1.70m (5’6”). There are 3 more participants below 1.80m (5’9”): one of them is Iranian point guard Sajjad Mashayekhi (1.78 m – 5’8”) and the other two play in the Philippines team. In fact the Philippines team has the lowest height average, 1.91m (6’3”) and point guards are the shortest in the tournament – average at 1.88m (6’2”) and usually is the position where shorter players thrive.

On the other end of the spectrum tallest team is Greece – average 2.04m (6’7”), followed close by Serbia. Centers are the tallest players – average at 2.10m (6’9”). The tallest participant of the 2014 FIBA World Cup is Iranian centre Hamed Haddadi standing at 2.18m (7’2”).

For comparison on the infographic the players stand by a backstop unit. The official distance from the basket ring to the ground is 3.05m (10’0”).

The (mean) average height of all the participants is 1.99m (6’5”).

It could be interesting to compare (link opens to a new window) the height of the participants of the FIBA basketball World Cup to the height of the participants of the equivalent 2014 FIFA World Cup (football). The average height of the 2014 Brazil World Cup footballers was 1.82m (5’11”).

Here is a table with the heights of each position and team (average) participating in the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup:

Height of:
(cm)
(ft)
Hamed Haddadi (Iran – center) 218.0 7’2”
Centers (average) 209.9 6’9”
Power Forwards (average) 204.9 6’7”
Greece 204.0 6’7”
Serbia 203.9 6’7”
Croatia 202.7 6’6”
Lithuania 202.3 6’6”
All forwards (average) 202.2 6’6”
Senegal 201.6 6’6”
Australia 201.4 6’6”
France 200.9 6’6”
Turkey 200.8 6’6”
USA 200.8 6’6”
Brazil 200.1 6’6”
Ukraine 200.1 6’6”
Slovenia 199.8 6’6”
Spain 199.8 6’6”
Small Forwards (average) 199.4 6’5”
All Players (average) 199.1 6’5”
Finland 198.6 6’5”
Argentina 198.4 6’5”
Puerto Rico 198.3 6’5”
Iran 198.3 6’5”
Mexico 197.0 6’5”
Egypt 196.4 6’4”
Angola 196.1 6’4”
New Zealand 195.9 6’4”
Dominican Republic 194.8 6’4”
Korea 194.3 6’4”
Shooting Guards (average) 193.7 6’4”
Philippines 191.3 6’3”
All guards (average) 190.3 6’2”
Point Guards (average) 187.8 6’2”
Lewis Alfred ‘LA’ Tenorio (Philippines – Guard) 170.0 5’6”

Sources:
FIBA The Official Website of the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup

If you found this post interesting, why not have a look at other of our posts/infographics related to sports:
A history of the Basketball World Championships (Mundobasket) [1950-2006]
The History of the Football World Cup Finals (1930-2006) infographic
2014 FIFA World Cup™: The Players series – I. Where their club is based (home/abroad & top countries) infographic
Bigger, thicker, heavier: the evolution of the Olympic Games medals infographic